Pengertian belajar dan pembelajaran

a. Belajar

Menurut Slavin dalam Catharina Tri Anni (2004), belajar merupakan proses perolehan kemampuan yang berasal dari pengalaman. Menurut Gagne dalam Catharina Tri Anni (2004), belajar merupakan sebuah sistem yang didalamnya terdapat berbagai unsur yang saling terkait sehingga menghasilkan perubahan perilaku.

Sedangkan menurut Bell-Gredler dalam Udin S. Winataputra (2008) pengertian belajar adalah proses yang dilakukan oleh manusia untuk mendapatkan aneka ragam competencies, skills, and attitude. Kemampuan (competencies), keterampilan (skills), dan sikap (attitude) tersebut diperoleh secara bertahap dan berkelanjutan mulai dari masa bayi sampai masa tua melalui rangkaian proses belajar sepanjang hayat.

Ciri-ciri belajar adalah : (1) Belajar harus memungkinkan terjadinya perubahan perilaku pada diri individu. Perubahan tersebut tidak hanya pada aspek pengethauan atau kognitif saja tetapi juga meliputi aspek sikap dan nilai (afektif) serta keterampilan (psikomotor); (2) perubahan itu merupakan buah dari pengalaman. Perubahan perilaku yang terjadi pada individu karena adanya interaksi antara dirinya dengan lingkungan . interaksi ini dapat berupa interaksi fisik dan psikis; (3) perubahan  perilaku akibat belajar akan bersifat cukup permanen.

b. Pembelajaran

Menurut Gagne, Briggs, dan wagner dalam Udin S. Winataputra (2008) pengertian pembelajaran adalah serangkaian kegiatan yang dirancang untuk memungkinkan terjadinya proses belajar pada siswa.

Menurut UU Nomor 20 tahun 2003 tentang Sisdiknas, pembelajaran adalah proses interaksi peserta didik dengan pendidik dan sumber belajar pada suatu lingkingan belajar.

Ciri utama dari pembelajaran adalah inisiasi, fasilitasi, dan peningkatan proses belajar siswa. Sedangkan komponen-komponen dalam pembelajaran adalah tujuan, materi, kegiatan, dan evaluasi pembelajaran.

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174 responses to “Pengertian belajar dan pembelajaran

  1. makasih banget ya, , semua ini sangat berarti buatku . . saya juga lagi pusing ni, banyak sekali masalah dalam hidup ni, , tapi saya rasa ini yang terberat. .

    ya semoga dengan membaca artikel ini masalah anda dapat berkurang

  2. mterimakasih ,semoga dapat mengubah siang jadiadem .Kalau berkenan kirimkan ke email saya.

    apanya mas yg bisa q kirim?????

  3. terima kasih banget mas atas referensinya tentang belajar dan pembelajaran….. bisa menambah rincian pengertian dari belajar yang saat ini menjadi tugas mata kuliah saya….. mungkin referensinya bisa ditambah agar makin bertambah pengetahuan tentang belajar dan pembelajaran ini….. Maturnuwun….. mahasiswa asal Gorontalo yang kuliah di Jogja…..

    oke nanti saya tambahkan, makasih juga sudah mau mampir

  4. kalau bisa dalam menulis suatu artikel dipaparkan lebih jelas dan dibuat kesimpulan dari teori yang dipaparkan, itu baru namanya bagus

  5. makasih bgt ya mas artikelnya ini sangat membantu penyusunan skripsiku..

    tp klo bisa dkasih daftar pustaka dunk,!!

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